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[[Bilde:Aulus Cornelius Celsus.jpg|thumb|Aulus Cornelius Celsus]]
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'''Aulus Cornelius Celsus''' (25 f.Kr. — 50) var en romersk leksikonforfatter og sannsynligvis lege.Han skal ha levd i Gallia Narbonensis.
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Han er mest kjent for''[[De Medicina]]'', som er den eneste bevarte delen av en større encyklopedi.
  
 
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'''Aulus Cornelius Celsus''' ([[25 BC]]—[[50]]) was a [[Ancient Rome|Roman]] [[encyclopedist]] and possibly, although not likely, a [[physician]]. He probably lived in [[Gallia Narbonensis]]. His only extant work, the ''[[De Medicina]]'', is the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia, and is a primary source on [[diet (nutrition)|diet]], [[pharmacy]] and [[surgery]] and related fields. The lost portions of his encyclopedia likely included volumes on agriculture, law, [[rhetoric]], and military arts. Celsus' ''De Medicina'' is one of the best sources on Alexandrian medical knowledge. He is also one of the precursors of [[human experimentation]].
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, and is a primary source on [[diet (nutrition)|diet]], [[pharmacy]] and [[surgery]] and related fields. The lost portions of his encyclopedia likely included volumes on agriculture, law, [[rhetoric]], and military arts. Celsus' ''De Medicina'' is one of the best sources on Alexandrian medical knowledge. He is also one of the precursors of [[human experimentation]].
  
 
Celsus is credited with recording the cardinal signs of [[inflammation]]: ''calor'' (warmth), ''dolor'' (pain), ''tumor'' (swelling) and ''rubor'' (redness and [[hyperaemia]]). He goes into great detail regarding the preparation of numerous ancient medicinal remedies including the preparation of [[opioid]]s. In addition, he describes many 1st century Roman surgical procedures which included removal of a cataract, treatment for bladder stones, and the setting of fractures.
 
Celsus is credited with recording the cardinal signs of [[inflammation]]: ''calor'' (warmth), ''dolor'' (pain), ''tumor'' (swelling) and ''rubor'' (redness and [[hyperaemia]]). He goes into great detail regarding the preparation of numerous ancient medicinal remedies including the preparation of [[opioid]]s. In addition, he describes many 1st century Roman surgical procedures which included removal of a cataract, treatment for bladder stones, and the setting of fractures.
  
Celsus' work was rediscovered by [[Pope Nicholas V]] and published in [[1478]]. His work became famous for its elegant Latin style.
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Celsus arbeid ble gjennoppdaget av pave Nicholas ‹ og publisert i 1478 og bøkene ble berømt for sin elegante latin.
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{{sitat|It is not cruel to inflict on a few criminals sufferings which may benefit multitudes of innocent people through all centuries.|[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Celsus/Prooemium*.html#26 Prooem.&nbsp;26 De Medicina]}}
  
==Sitat==
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==Eksterne lenker==
*"It is not cruel to inflict on a few criminals sufferings which may benefit multitudes of innocent people through all centuries." (''De Medicina'', [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Celsus/Prooemium*.html#26 Prooem.&nbsp;26])
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* [https://www.wdl.org/en/item/11618  ''On Medicine - De medicina'']. World Digital Library. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
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* [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Celsus/home.html De Medicina at LacusCurtius] (Latin original and English translation)
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* [http://www.tidsskriftet.no/pls/lts/pa_lt.visSeksjon?vp_SEKS_ID=1225546 Den greske legekunsten i Roma]
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* [https://openlibrary.org/authors/OL1171938A/Aulus_Cornelius_Celsus Verk av  Aulus Cornelius Celsus]
  
==Eksterne lenker==
 
*[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Celsus/home.html De Medicina at LacusCurtius] (Latin original and English translation)
 
  
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Nåværende revisjon fra 30. sep. 2019 kl. 13:55

Aulus Cornelius Celsus

Aulus Cornelius Celsus (25 f.Kr. — 50) var en romersk leksikonforfatter og sannsynligvis lege.Han skal ha levd i Gallia Narbonensis. Han er mest kjent forDe Medicina, som er den eneste bevarte delen av en større encyklopedi.

Celsus arbeid ble gjennoppdaget av pave Nicholas ‹ og publisert i 1478 og bøkene ble berømt for sin elegante latin.

Sitat It is not cruel to inflict on a few criminals sufferings which may benefit multitudes of innocent people through all centuries. Sitat
Prooem. 26 De Medicina

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